Over the past 40 years, however, a formidable body of literature has challenged the prevailing assumptions about informal workers, asserting that their vulnerability stems not from their lack of integration into the mainstream economy, but rather from their subordinated positions within it.
We are facing something extraordinarily challenging: the rise of a capitalist form of algorithmic regulation. Algorithms - one of the key elements of the digital capitalist system of production - are at the same time the means of production and the legal code enabling worker’s exploitation.
There is some analytical merit in comparing Somalia to Afghanistan, insofar as we are trying to locate the common—often US originated—drivers of instability in these regions. However, let’s not begin (or continue) treating Afghanistan the way we’ve been treating Somalia in terms of US politics and policy. Instead, let’s forge a Left-universalist strategy, based on solidarity, mutual aid, and assistance for all those ravaged by capitalist-empire.
Stanley Aronowitz died this week at eighty-eight. He hated work, loved life, and brought his overflowing, exuberant approach to social problems to picket lines, classrooms, and vacation. A fighting left needs more people like him.
The tipped wage issue doesn’t cohere neatly to a case of workers versus unscrupulous employers. Workers themselves have campaigned and argued to keep the subminimum wage in op-eds and public hearings. What explains the strange circumstance of workers rejecting a higher wage?