From the Shop Floor to the World Market: Organizational and Political Challenges to Trade Unions’ Global Power

The contemporary labor movement faces three kind of constraints engendered by the dynamics of globalization. In the first place, the internationalization of production processes through delocalization and outsourcing, with its uneven consequences of precariousness or unemployment. Secondly, the transformation of former welfare states in the neoliberal era, with associated regressive reforms and the reshaping of unions’ institutional role. Thirdly, the formation of economically integrated regions and export processing zones, with the consequent engagement of labor movements in supranational institutional arrangements.