Theoretical research summaries

ECLAC and the problematization of Latin America’s development

Latin America is usually recognized as the most unequal region in the world. It seems clear that the region faces important obstacles to development. But how do we understand the challenges to Latin America’s development? In a recent article, Emilia Ormaechea analyzes the changes in the idea of development in the contributions of the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) from its creation, in 1948, to the present day. She argues that ECLAC had a very critical understanding of the challenges that a development strategy for Latin America entailed, especially during the structuralist period. However, this critical perspective lost relevance in 1990, after the neoliberal offensive and the shift from structuralism to neostructuralism.

By |2024-03-26T22:15:51-04:00Mar 16, 2024|

Understanding a New Age of Algorithmic Capital

As a critical theory of algorithmic capitalism, our contribution is grounded in an emancipation project. We explore paths of reform, revolution, and exit strategies from algorithmic capitalism. We develop a virtue ethics approach to favor collective resistance and emancipation from algorithmic capitalism.

By , |2024-02-29T12:02:17-05:00Feb 29, 2024|

Does Race Serve a Functional Role Under Capitalism?

The relationship between capitalism and racism is structural rather than merely historical. It is not just that capitalism emerged in an already-racialized context, and so developed in a racialized way. It is also that racism can be explained by its functional role in stabilizing capitalist class relations. This view has occasionally been described as "class reductionist." In our view, this does not itself amount to a fatal criticism, but it does associate our argument with others that we in fact reject.

By |2023-10-20T12:25:55-04:00Oct 13, 2023|

Populism and the Limits of Business Power

Populism has become a formidable political force across the world, ranging from Trump and Bolsonaro in the Americas to Duterte and Modi in Asia as well as Brexit and a variety of populist movements across Europe. While populism comes in different forms, conventionally grouped into exclusionary right-wing and inclusionary [...]

By , |2022-10-05T06:56:23-04:00Oct 5, 2022|

From Regressive to Cooperative Nationalism

Democratic socialists frame their project nationally without reference to the trans-national context, while also framing neoliberals’ view of ‘nationalism’ as regressive. Actually, the transnational context of the prevailing mid-range form of capitalism or ‘model of development’ influences nationalist tendencies that may be regressive or progressive. Present regressive nationalist tendencies exploited [...]

By |2022-03-30T07:04:02-04:00Mar 30, 2022|

Can Digital Tools Be Used for Organizing?

Arizona’s strike leaders harnessed the digital powers of information and communication technologies to promote organizing, allowing the movement to reach beyond social media’s echo chambers. It was through digital tools that AEU promoted targeted in-person outreach and therefore built a more powerful walkout.

By |2021-12-01T10:28:11-05:00Dec 1, 2021|

The Dispossession-Versus-Exploitation Dilemma for Informal Workers

Over the past 40 years, however, a formidable body of literature has challenged the prevailing assumptions about informal workers, asserting that their vulnerability stems not from their lack of integration into the mainstream economy, but rather from their subordinated positions within it.

By |2021-09-15T09:27:07-04:00Sep 15, 2021|

Rethinking the Russian Revolution from Across the Empire

Beyond rediscovering the lost history of the Tsarist empire’s non-Russian Marxists, my study addresses the following puzzle: Why did revolutionary processes and outcomes diverge so dramatically across time (between 1905 and 1917) and space (between the different regions of imperial Russia)?

By |2021-07-14T09:58:28-04:00Jul 14, 2021|

Theorizing “OK Boomer!” Class War or Generation War?

"OK Boomer" emerged as a symptom of late-capitalist postmodernity among a generation who, for structural reasons, may not ever realize the even modestly comfortable lifestyles of many of their (grand)parents. Rather than confront this structural issue, many engage in “fetishistic disavowal.”

By , |2021-07-07T11:34:37-04:00Jul 7, 2021|
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