We doubt the extent to which the Marxist tradition has developed an adequate social psychology of knowledge. People’s politics cannot, of course, be simply read off their class position alone.
What determines which path labor takes will be the degree to which labor mobilization spreads and is tied to a broader political vision. That in turn will depend on the kind of patient, workplace-based organizing that rarely makes headlines.
As neoliberalism pushes us away from finding collective solutions to social problems some turn right towards hate and racism.
The yellow vest movement has displayed a curious mix of modern and pre-modern forms of struggle, some harking back to the French revolution. These old forms might very well become features of twenty first century anti-capitalist protest.
The common problem with the "monopoly capital" and "unequal exchange" perspectives is their reliance on exchange as the foundational concept.