Substantive short articles on Marxian sociology

Controlling the Poor

As prison and jail admissions have decreased around 25% from their late-2000s peak, private prison companies have begun to invest heavily in “alternatives to incarceration”, such as probation facilities and GPS monitoring (a form of control which has increased 70% in the past twenty years and has become a $6 billion industry). These “alternatives” are presented as more humane, and cheaper, ways of managing criminalized populations. However, as the Moratorium on Deportations Campaign notes, these “alternatives” are linked “to a much broader process of expanding, informationalizing, and generalizing the prison … When the prison is everywhere, it is also invisible as the new form of social reality.”

By |2019-06-04T09:46:54-04:00Jun 4, 2019|

The class struggle over democracy

To understand democracy — to defend it and to deepen it — we should examine its long history rather than obsess about recent headwinds. In a recent article published in the American Journal of Sociology, I attempt to do just that. My research suggests that democratic progress over the last 150 years is the fruit of the changing character of class struggle over the state. Democracy has its origins in the capacity of the poor to disrupt the routines of the rich.

By |2019-05-31T09:54:44-04:00May 28, 2019|

Why Stagnation?

The neoliberal growth model generated intensifying contradictions over time. Household debt rose rapidly, eventually becoming unsustainable. The debt of financial institutions rose even more rapidly, giving rise to increasing financial fragility. Highly risky mortgage-backed securities spread throughout the financial system. The system became increasingly vulnerable to the inevitable deflation of an asset bubble. When the giant real estate bubble of the 2000s deflated in 2007, the major banks became insolvent. Households were no longer able to borrow and had to cut their consumer spending. Corporate managers slashed investment spending. The Great Recession and Financial Crisis had begun. The rate of profit in the U.S. bounced back quickly after 2009. In the following years it reached the highest level of the neoliberal era. This demonstrated that neoliberal capitalism continues to promote high profits, by maintaining capital in a strongly dominant position over labor. Yet capital accumulation did not respond to the rising rate of profit

By |2019-05-24T12:40:41-04:00May 24, 2019|

The prevalence of populism after the great recession

The current pervasiveness of populist expression is inherently related to the institutional bases regulating economic activity under neoliberalism and, by extension, the type of systemic breakdown it gave way to after 2008. For instance, the proliferation of asset-bubbles, while crucial to avert declining profitability dynamics, served as well to foster increasing levels of household indebtedness which, in turn, were crucial to maintain rising private consumption levels in the face of widespread wage stagnation. Once these various contradictory trends could no longer be jointly reproduced, it was the whole institutional edifice regulating economic activity that crumbled down, rather than just one of its single components. Such a type of systemic breakdown was conducive to populist expressions of protest in its aftermath.

By |2019-05-17T08:39:30-04:00May 17, 2019|

Ideas and the Struggle Against Neoliberalism

The problem with the current trend of idea-centered scholarship on neoliberalism is that it seeks to isolate, and elevate the importance of ideas and experts, giving them a causal primacy that supposedly operate independently from materialist economic forces, the distribution of class power and the conduct of class struggle.

By |2019-05-08T10:14:13-04:00May 8, 2019|

Can Twenty-First Century Fascism Resolve the Crisis of Global Capitalism?

Fascism, whether in its classical twentieth century form or possible variants of 21st century neo-fascism, is a particular response to capitalist crisis, such as that of the 1930s and the one that began with the financial meltdown of 2008. This unprecedented crisis of global capitalism has resulted in a sharp polarization around the world between insurgent left and popular forces, on the one hand, and an insurgent far right, on the other, at whose fringe are openly fascist tendencies. The class character of fascism remains the same in the 21st century as it was in the 20th – a project to rescue capital from this organic crisis – but the particular historical character of world capitalism and of its crisis is substantially different at this time than in the previous century.

By |2019-04-24T11:02:52-04:00Apr 24, 2019|

Rethinking Populism: The Political Face of Economic Crises

Populist mobilizations make legible socioeconomic cleavages that otherwise carry no innate political valence.  Or, to paraphrase Antonio Gramsci, it is political parties and movements that interpret and translate the socioeconomic into the political form.

By |2019-04-17T12:59:38-04:00Apr 17, 2019|